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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-38300
CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware82-1273460
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
   
1701 Village Center Circle,Las Vegas,Nevada89134
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(702) 323-7330
___________________________________________________________________
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Cannae Common Stock, $0.0001 par valueCNNE New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
As of April 30, 2024 there were 62,772,438 shares of the Registrant's common stock outstanding.



FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT
QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2024
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  
 Page
 
 
 
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
i

Table of Contents

Part I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
ASSETS
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$238.3 $106.2 
Short-term investments45.8 15.6 
Other current assets26.2 29.5 
Income taxes receivable25.3 26.0 
Total current assets335.6 177.3 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates1,678.3 1,718.8 
Equity securities, at fair value152.7 290.9 
Lease assets141.3 143.5 
Property and equipment, net57.2 58.7 
Goodwill53.4 53.4 
Deferred tax asset29.0 82.0 
Other intangible assets, net16.3 16.8 
Other long-term investments and non-current assets146.0 145.3 
Total assets$2,609.8 $2,686.7 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities: 
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities, current$70.1 $74.2 
Lease liabilities, current13.9 13.9 
Deferred revenue15.3 16.9 
Notes payable, current1.9 2.5 
Total current liabilities101.2 107.5 
Lease liabilities, long-term139.7 142.2 
Notes payable, long-term77.4 102.5 
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities, long-term26.4 25.3 
Total liabilities344.7 377.5 
Commitments and contingencies - see Note H
Equity: 
Cannae common stock, 0.0001 par value; authorized 115,000,000 shares as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023; issued of 94,245,481 and 92,844,329 shares as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively and outstanding of 72,441,834 and 70,367,088 shares as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
  
Preferred stock, 0.0001 par value; authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding, none as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Retained earnings804.6 901.3 
Additional paid-in capital1,984.7 1,977.0 
Less: Treasury stock, 21,803,647 and 22,477,241 shares as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, at cost
(490.5)(533.9)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(16.5)(19.9)
Total Cannae shareholders' equity2,282.3 2,324.5 
Noncontrolling interests(17.2)(15.3)
Total equity2,265.1 2,309.2 
Total liabilities and equity$2,609.8 $2,686.7 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
1

Table of Contents

CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
 20242023
Revenues:
Restaurant revenue$106.5 $148.5 
Other operating revenue4.2 5.8 
Total operating revenues110.7 154.3 
Operating expenses:
Cost of restaurant revenue94.2 131.6 
Personnel costs23.2 15.6 
Depreciation and amortization3.3 5.1 
Other operating expenses30.6 24.7 
Total operating expenses151.3 177.0 
Operating loss(40.6)(22.7)
Other income (expense):
Interest, investment and other income2.1 2.8 
Interest expense(2.6)(4.4)
Recognized (losses) gains, net(8.6)52.1 
Total other (expense) income (9.1)50.5 
(Loss) earnings before income taxes and equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates(49.7)27.8 
Income tax expense53.4 2.6 
(Loss) earnings before equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(103.1)25.2 
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates11.3 (32.1)
Net loss(91.8)(6.9)
Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(1.9)(2.8)
Net loss attributable to Cannae Holdings, Inc. common shareholders$(89.9)$(4.1)
Earnings per share
Basic
Net loss per share $(1.27)$(0.05)
Diluted
Net loss per share$(1.27)$(0.05)
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding
Weighted average shares outstanding Cannae Holdings common stock, basic basis70.8 76.1 
Weighted average shares outstanding Cannae Holdings common stock, diluted basis70.9 76.1 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) EARNINGS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 Three months ended March 31,
 20242023
Net loss$(91.8)$(6.9)
Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of tax:  
Unrealized (loss) earnings of investments in unconsolidated affiliates (1)
(0.7)1.2 
Reclassification adjustments for unrealized gains and losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax, included in net earnings (2)
4.1  
Other comprehensive earnings3.4 1.2 
Comprehensive loss(88.4)(5.7)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(1.9)(2.8)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Cannae Holdings, Inc. common shareholders$(86.5)$(2.9)
_________________________________
 
(1)Net of income tax (benefit) expense of $(0.2) million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
(2)Net of income tax expense of $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024.    
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

 Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comp (Loss) EarningsTreasury StockNon-controlling
Interests
Total
Equity
 Shares$Shares$
 
Balance, December 31, 202292.5 $ $1,936.2 $1,214.7 $(18.1)16.3 $(414.0)$(3.9)$2,714.9 
Other comprehensive earnings — unrealized earnings of investments in unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax— — — — 1.2 — — — 1.2 
Treasury stock repurchases— — — — — — — — — 
Issuance of restricted stock0.3 — — — — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation, consolidated subsidiaries— — 0.6 — — — — — 0.6 
Stock-based compensation, unconsolidated affiliates— — 9.0 — — — — — 9.0 
Payments for shares withheld for taxes and in treasury— — — — — — (0.1)— (0.1)
Subsidiary dividends paid to noncontrolling interests— — — — — — — (0.1)(0.1)
Net loss— — — (4.1)— — — (2.8)(6.9)
Balance, March 31, 2023
92.8 $ $1,945.8 $1,210.6 $(16.9)16.3 $(414.1)$(6.8)$2,718.6 
Balance, December 31, 202392.8 $ $1,977.0 $901.3 $(19.9)22.5 $(533.9)$(15.3)$2,309.2 
Other comprehensive earnings — unrealized losses of investments in unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax— — — — (0.7)— — — (0.7)
Reclassification adjustments for unrealized gains and losses on investments and other financial instruments, net of tax, (excluding investments in unconsolidated affiliates) included in net earnings — — — — — — — — — 
Reclassification adjustments for unrealized gains and losses on unconsolidated affiliates, net of tax, included in net earnings (loss) — — — — 4.1 — — — 4.1 
Issuance of restricted stock and shares held in trust1.4 — — — — 1.2 — — — 
Stock-based compensation, consolidated subsidiaries— — 3.4 — — — — — 3.4 
Payment for shares withheld for taxes and in treasury— — — — — — (0.6)— (0.6)
Stock-based compensation, unconsolidated affiliates— — 4.3 — — — — — 4.3 
Treasury shares issued for investment in JANA— — — (6.8)— (1.9)44.0 — 37.2 
Net loss— — — (89.9)— — — (1.9)(91.8)
Balance, March 31, 2024
94.2 $ $1,984.7 $804.6 $(16.5)21.8 $(490.5)$(17.2)$2,265.1 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(91.8)$(6.9)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
            Depreciation and amortization3.3 5.1 
            Equity in (earnings) losses of unconsolidated affiliates(11.3)32.1 
            Distributions from investments in unconsolidated affiliates0.9  
            Recognized gains and asset impairments, net 8.8 (51.1)
            Lease asset amortization3.4 4.9 
            Stock-based compensation expense3.4 0.6 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Other assets2.7 3.0 
Lease liabilities(3.7)(6.1)
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, deferred revenue and other liabilities(4.6)(2.8)
Income taxes52.9 1.5 
Net cash used in operating activities(36.0)(19.7)
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Proceeds from sales of Dayforce shares 177.1 78.0 
Additions to property and equipment and other intangible assets(1.3)(2.5)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment1.0  
Proceeds from sale of investments in unconsolidated affiliates and other long term investments100.9  
Additional investments in unconsolidated affiliates(33.9)(40.3)
Purchases of other long term investments(23.4)(13.5)
Distributions from investments in unconsolidated affiliates4.3 4.0 
Purchases of short-term investment securities(64.6)(70.1)
Proceeds from sale and maturity of short-term investment securities34.4  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities194.5 (44.4)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Borrowings0.3 5.4 
Debt service payments(26.1)(1.0)
Payment for vested shares withheld for taxes and in treasury(0.6)(0.1)
Treasury stock repurchases (3.1)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(26.4)1.2 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents132.1 (62.9)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period106.2 247.7 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$238.3 $184.8 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Note A — Basis of Financial Statements
The following describes the significant accounting policies of Cannae Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, "we," "us," "our,” "Cannae," "CNNE," or the "Company"), which have been followed in preparing the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Description of the Business
We primarily acquire interests in operating companies and are engaged in actively managing and operating a core group of those companies, which we are committed to supporting for the long term. From time to time, we also seek to take meaningful equity ownership stakes where we have the ability to control or significantly influence quality companies, and we bring the strength of our operational expertise to each of our subsidiaries. We are a long-term owner that secures control and governance rights of other companies primarily to engage in their lines of business and we have no preset time constraints dictating when we sell or dispose of our businesses. We believe that our long-term ownership and active involvement in the management and operations of companies helps maximize the value of those businesses for our shareholders. Our primary assets as of March 31, 2024 include our ownership interests in Dun & Bradstreet Holdings, Inc. ("Dun & Bradstreet" or "D&B"); Dayforce, Inc., ("Dayforce", formerly known as Ceridian HCM Holding, Inc.); Alight, Inc. ("Alight"); Paysafe Limited ("Paysafe"); Sightline Payments Holdings, LLC ("Sightline"); System1, Inc. ("System1"); Black Knight Football and Entertainment, LP ("Black Knight Football" or "BKFE"); Computer Services, Inc. ("CSI"); JANA Partners Capital, LLC and JANA Partners Management, LP (together, "JANA"); High Sierra Distillery, LP ("Minden Mill"); AmeriLife Group, LLC ("AmeriLife"); O'Charley's Holdings, LLC ("O'Charley's"); 99 Restaurants Holdings, LLC ("99 Restaurants"); and various other controlled subsidiary companies and minority equity ownership interests.
See Note E - Segment Information for further discussion of the businesses comprising our reportable segments.
We conduct our business through our wholly-owned subsidiary Cannae Holdings, LLC ("Cannae LLC"), a Delaware limited liability company. Our board of directors ("Board") oversees the management of the Company, Cannae LLC and its businesses, and the performance of our external manager, Trasimene Capital Management, LLC ("Trasimene" or our "Manager").
Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X and include the historical accounts as well as wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries of the Company. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All adjustments made were of a normal, recurring nature. This report should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K (our "Annual Report") for the year ended December 31, 2023.
All intercompany profits, transactions and balances have been eliminated. Our ownership interests in non-majority-owned partnerships and affiliates are accounted for under the equity method of accounting or as equity securities. Earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations represents the portion of our majority-owned subsidiaries' net earnings or loss that is owned by noncontrolling shareholders of such subsidiaries. Noncontrolling interest recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets represents the portion of equity owned by noncontrolling shareholders in our consolidated subsidiaries.
Management Estimates
The preparation of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates made by management include the fair value measurements (See Note B - Investments and Note C - Fair Value Measurements). Actual results could differ from estimates.


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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued


Recent Developments
Dayforce
In February and March 2024, we completed the sale of 2.5 million shares of common stock of Dayforce. In connection with the sales, we received proceeds of $177.1 million.
We owned 1.5 million shares of Dayforce common stock as of March 31, 2024, which represented approximately 1.0% of its outstanding stock as of March 31, 2024.
Refer to Note B - Investments and Note C - Fair Value Measurements for further discussion of our accounting for our ownership interest in Dayforce and other equity securities.
Dun & Bradstreet
On February 8, 2024, the board of directors of D&B declared quarterly cash dividends of $0.05 per share of D&B common stock. In the three months ended March 31, 2024, we received $4.0 million of cash dividends from D&B which are recorded as a reduction to the basis of our recorded asset for D&B.
In March 2024, we completed the sale of 10.0 million shares of common stock of D&B. In connection with the sale, we received proceeds of $100.9 million.
As of March 31, 2024, we owned 69.0 million shares of D&B, which represented approximately 15.6% of its outstanding common stock.
See Note B - Investments for further discussion of our accounting for our ownership interest in D&B and other equity method investments.
Paysafe
During January 2024, we purchased 1.6 million shares of Paysafe for $23.4 million. As of March 31, 2024, we hold a 5.5% ownership interest in Paysafe.
Other Developments
On February 21, 2024, we announced a tender offer to purchase up to $200 million of shares of our common stock at a purchase price of not less than $20.75 per share and not greater than $23.75 per share (the "Tender Offer"). We conducted the Tender Offer through a procedure commonly referred to as a "modified Dutch auction." This procedure allows shareholders to select the price within a price range specified by us at which the shareholders are willing to sell their shares.
On April 1, 2024, the Tender Offer expired and the Company accepted for purchase an aggregate of 9,672,540 shares of its common stock that were properly tendered and not properly withdrawn at or below a purchase price of $22.95 per share for an aggregate cost of $222.0 million, excluding fees and expenses. Included in the 9,672,540 shares of Cannae common stock we accepted for purchase in the Tender Offer are 957,943 shares that Cannae elected to purchase pursuant to its right to purchase up to an additional 2% of its outstanding common stock.
On February 21, 2024, we issued 1.85 million shares of common stock of the Company from the Company’s treasury and paid $18.3 million in cash, in the aggregate, to certain partners of JANA in exchange for a 19.99% equity interest in JANA. The transaction is valued at $55.5 million based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on February 21, 2024. Cannae also committed to invest $50 million into JANA funds (the "JANA Fund Commitment"). JANA is an investment manager founded in 2001. We account for our ownership interest in JANA as an unconsolidated affiliate using the equity method of accounting and record our ratable share of JANA's net income or loss on a three-month lag.
On February 26, 2024, the Company, Cannae LLC and Trasimene entered into a Third Amended and Restated Management Services Agreement (the "Third Amended MSA"). The Third Amended MSA amends the management services agreement primarily to (i) provide for a termination of the agreement by the Company effective June 30, 2027, (ii) reduce the management fee to a fixed amount of $7.6 million annually effective beginning July 2, 2024 and (iii) provide for payment of the termination fee under the agreement of $20 million to be paid by the Company to Trasimene in installments of $6.7 million annually over the three-year period ended July 1, 2026. The Third Amended and Restated MSA has a termination date of June 30, 2027 unless earlier terminated by the Company or Trasimene.
On May 9, 2024, our Board declared cash dividends of $0.12 per share, payable on June 28, 2024, to Cannae common shareholders of record as of June 14, 2024.
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Related Party Transactions
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we incurred management fee expenses with our Manager of $9.1 million, and during the three months ended March 31, 2023, we incurred $9.4 million. These expenses are recorded in Other operating expenses on our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share, as presented on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations, is computed by dividing net earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.
In periods when earnings are positive, diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the impact of assumed conversions of potentially dilutive securities. For periods when we recognize a net loss, diluted loss per share is equal to basic loss per share as the impact of assumed conversions of potentially dilutive securities is considered to be antidilutive. We have granted certain shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units that have been treated as common share equivalents for purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share for periods in which positive earnings have been reported.
Instruments that provide the ability to purchase shares of our common stock that are antidilutive are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 there were 0.1 million antidilutive shares of restricted stock outstanding that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, there were 0.4 million antidilutive shares of restricted stock outstanding, respectively, that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share.
Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate was (107.4)% and 9.4% in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The change in the effective tax rate in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 compared to the corresponding prior year periods was primarily attributable to recording of a valuation allowance in the current period of $59.9 million on our federal net operating loss carryforwards and certain deferred taxes related to our consolidated partnerships.
We have a Deferred tax asset of $29.0 million and $82.0 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The $53.0 million change in deferred taxes in the three months ended March 31, 2024 is primarily attributable to recording of a valuation allowance of $59.9 million on our federal net operating loss carryforwards and certain deferred taxes related to our consolidated partnerships.
Stock-Based Compensation
On February 28, 2024, we issued 1.2 million restricted stock units ("RSUs") with a grant date fair value of $24.8 million as compensation to certain employees of the Company and issued 1.2 million shares of the Company's common stock to rabbi trusts that grant the holders of the RSUs pass-through voting rights. The RSUs vest in varying increments over a three-year period and, upon vesting, a number of shares of Company common stock equivalent to the number of vested RSUs will be released from the rabbi trusts to the employee. If the RSUs do not vest, the shares held in the rabbi trusts return to the Company. The Company is the primary beneficiary of the rabbi trusts prior to vesting of the RSUs and accordingly the shares of Company common stock held by the rabbi trusts are treated as treasury stock in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of equity for the period ended March 31, 2024. Compensation cost associated with the RSUs is measured based on their grant-date fair value derived from quoted market prices and is recorded over the service period of the awards.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
We have reviewed the recently issued accounting pronouncements and we did not identify any that are expected to, if currently adopted, have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.





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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note B — Investments
Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates recorded using the equity method of accounting as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following:
 
Ownership at March 31, 2024
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in millions)
Dun & Bradstreet15.6 %$704.9 $827.7 
Alight9.5 %488.3 507.2 
Sightline33.0 %154.9 158.3 
BKFE46.6 %121.8 112.3 
CSI6.4 %88.0 47.1 
Othervarious120.4 66.2 
Total $1,678.3 $1,718.8 
The aggregate fair value of our direct ownership in the common stock of unconsolidated affiliates that have quoted market prices as of March 31, 2024 consisted of the following:
 March 31, 2024
(in millions)
Dun & Bradstreet$693.2 
Alight516.9 
System152.9 
Equity in (losses) earnings of unconsolidated affiliates for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(in millions)
Dun & Bradstreet (1)
$(6.3)$(8.3)
Alight(11.3)(7.1)
Sightline (2)
(3.5)(4.1)
BKFE(7.4)(1.3)
CSI40.9 (2.1)
Other(1.1)(9.2)
Total$11.3 $(32.1)
_____________________________________
(1) Equity in losses for D&B includes $2.1 million of loss for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, related to amortization of Cannae's basis difference between the book value of its ownership interest and ratable portion of the underlying equity in net assets of D&B.
(2) Equity in losses for Sightline includes $1.5 million and $1.9 million of loss in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, related to amortization of Cannae's basis difference between the book value of its investment and ratable portion of the underlying equity in net assets of Sightline.
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Dun & Bradstreet
Summarized financial information for D&B for the relevant dates and time periods included in Investments in unconsolidated affiliates and Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Operations, respectively, is presented below.
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Total current assets$609.3 $656.3 
Goodwill and other intangible assets, net7,229.9 7,361.7 
Other assets1,139.5 1,117.9 
Total assets$8,978.7 $9,135.9 
Current liabilities$987.4 $1,042.4 
Long-term debt3,506.8 3,512.5 
Other non-current liabilities1,115.4 1,149.4 
Total liabilities5,609.6 5,704.3 
Total equity3,369.1 3,431.6 
Total liabilities and equity$8,978.7 $9,135.9 

Three months ended March 31,
 20242023
(In millions)
Total revenues$564.5 $540.4 
Operating income16.6 7.9 
Loss before income taxes(67.0)(45.4)
Net loss(21.9)(32.8)
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest1.3 0.9 
Net loss attributable to Dun & Bradstreet(23.2)(33.7)
Equity Securities
Gains (losses) on equity securities included in Recognized gains (losses), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations consisted of the following for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(in millions)
Net gains (losses) recognized during the period on equity securities$15.5 $59.2 
Less: net (losses) gains recognized during the period on equity securities sold, transferred or disposed during the period9.3 13.8 
Unrealized gains (losses) recognized during the reporting period on equity securities held at the reporting date$6.2 $45.4 
Equity Security Investments Without Readily Determinable Fair Values
We account for our investments in AmeriLife and certain other ownership interests at cost less impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly market transactions. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we have $121.9 million, respectively, recorded for such investments, which is included in Other long term investments and noncurrent assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We have not recorded any upward or downward adjustments to these investments due to price changes or impairments.

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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note C — Fair Value Measurements
The fair value hierarchy established by the accounting standards on fair value measurements includes three levels, which are based on the priority of the inputs to the valuation technique. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). If the inputs used to measure the financial instruments fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument. Financial assets and liabilities that are recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are categorized based on the inputs to the valuation techniques as follows:
Level 1. Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market that we have the ability to access.
Level 2. Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3. Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on model inputs that are unobservable.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents our fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively:
 March 31, 2024
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (In millions)
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$238.3 $ $ $238.3 
Short-term investments45.8   45.8 
Equity securities:
Dayforce99.3   99.3 
Paysafe53.4   53.4 
Total equity securities152.7   152.7 
     Total assets$436.8 $ $ $436.8 
 December 31, 2023
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (In millions)
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$106.2 $ $ 106.2 
Short-term investments15.6   15.6 
Equity securities:
Dayforce268.5   268.5 
Paysafe22.4   22.4 
Total equity securities290.9   290.9 
     Total assets$412.7 $ $ $412.7 
We had no material assets or liabilities valued on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.
Additional information regarding the fair value of our investment portfolio is included in Note B - Investments.
Note D — Variable Interest Entities
The Company, in the normal course of business, engages in certain activities that involve variable interest entities ("VIEs"), which are legal entities in which a group of equity investors individually lack any of the characteristics of a controlling interest. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is generally the enterprise that has both the power to direct the activities most significant to the economic performance of the VIE and the obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits that could potentially be significant
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

to the VIE. The Company evaluates its interest in certain entities to determine if these entities meet the definition of a VIE and whether the Company is the primary beneficiary and should consolidate the entity based on the variable interests it holds both at inception and when there is a change in circumstances that requires a reconsideration. If the Company is determined to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE, it must account for the VIE as a consolidated subsidiary. If the Company is determined not to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE but holds a variable interest in the entity, such variable interests are accounted for under accounting standards as deemed appropriate. As of and for the periods ended March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we are not the primary beneficiary of any VIEs.
Unconsolidated VIEs
The table below summarizes select information related to variable interests held by the Company as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, of which we are not the primary beneficiary:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 Total AssetsMaximum ExposureTotal AssetsMaximum Exposure
 (in millions)
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates$260.7 $260.7 $210.9 $210.9 
Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we held variable interests in certain unconsolidated affiliates, which are primarily comprised of our ownership interests in BKFE, CSI and Minden Mill. Cannae does not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these unconsolidated affiliates; therefore, we are not the primary beneficiary.
The principal risk to which these investments and funds are exposed is the credit risk of the underlying investees. Cannae has guaranteed certain payment obligations of BKFE related to investment commitments associated with its acquisitions of interests in football clubs. These BKFE obligations total an estimated amount of between $41.9 million and $76.2 million as of March 31, 2024. These obligations are potentially payable at various increments over the next four years and vary based on certain performance criteria. The underlying obligation of BKFE to fund these amounts is contingent on the exercise of certain investment options by BKFE or other parties. Cannae is required to fund such payments solely to the extent BKFE is unable to meet these obligations. We do not provide any other implicit or explicit liquidity guarantees or principal value guarantees to these VIEs.
The assets are included in Investments in unconsolidated affiliates on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and accounted for under the equity method of accounting. See Note B - Investments for further discussion of our accounting for investments in unconsolidated affiliates.
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note E — Segment Information
On March 20, 2024, Alight entered into a definitive agreement to sell its professional services segment and its payroll and human capital management outsourcing businesses. Closing of the transaction is subject to various closing conditions, including regulatory approvals, and is expected to close by mid-year 2024. Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2024, Alight began accounting for the assets and liabilities of the disposed businesses as held for sale and its operating results as discontinued operations. Accordingly, Alight's results presented for the period ended March 31, 2023 have been retrospectively revised to reflect the Payroll & Professional Services Business as held for sale and discontinued operations.
Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments is shown in the following tables.
As of and for the three months ended March 31, 2024:
 Restaurant GroupDun & BradstreetAlightBKFECorporate and OtherAffiliate EliminationTotal
 (in millions)
Restaurant revenues$106.5 $ $ $ $ $ $106.5 
Other operating revenues 564.5 559.0 52.7 4.2 (1,176.2)4.2 
Revenues from external customers106.5 564.5 559.0 52.7 4.2 (1,176.2)110.7 
Interest, investment and other income (expense), including recognized gains (losses), net0.3 1.7 (77.0)1.0 (6.8)74.3 (6.5)
Total revenues, other income (expense) and realized gains (losses), net106.8 566.2 482.0 53.7 (2.6)(1,101.9)104.2 
Depreciation and amortization2.7 144.0 97.0 28.0 0.6 (269.0)3.3 
Interest expense(1.3)(85.3)(31.0)(3.5)(1.3)119.8 (2.6)
Loss before income taxes and equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(4.1)(67.0)(148.0)(29.1)(45.6)244.1 (49.7)
Income tax (benefit) expense (44.2)(27.0) 53.4 71.2 53.4 
Loss before equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(4.1)(22.8)(121.0)(29.1)(99.0)172.9 (103.1)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates 0.9  (2.8)36.3 (23.1)11.3 
Net loss$(4.1)$(21.9)$(121.0)$(31.9)$(62.7)$149.8 $(91.8)
Assets$284.1 $8,978.7 $10,715.0 $471.2 $2,325.7 $(20,164.9)$2,609.8 
Goodwill53.4 3,424.7 3,212.0 15.5  (6,652.2)53.4 
As of and for the three months ended March 31, 2023:
 Restaurant GroupDun & BradstreetAlightBKFE Corporate
and Other
Affiliate EliminationTotal
 (in millions)
Restaurant revenues$148.5 $ $ $ $ $ $148.5 
Other operating revenues 540.4 586.0 6.8 5.8 (1,133.2)5.8 
Revenues from external customers148.5 540.4 586.0 6.8 5.8 (1,133.2)154.3 
Interest investment and other income (expense), including recognized gains (losses), net0.1 2.0 (34.0) 54.8 32.0 54.9 
Total revenues, other income (expense) and recognized gains (losses), net148.6 542.4 552.0 6.8 60.6 (1,101.2)209.2 
Depreciation and amortization4.6 145.4 93.0 6.2 0.5 (244.6)5.1 
Interest expense(1.3)(55.3)(33.0) (3.1)88.3 (4.4)
(Loss) earnings before income taxes and equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(4.5)(45.4)(107.0)(10.3)32.3 162.7 27.8 
Income tax expense (benefit)0.5 (11.8)(23.0) 2.1 34.8 2.6 
(Loss) earnings before equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(5.0)(33.6)(84.0)(10.3)30.2 127.9 25.2 
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates 0.8   (15.4)(17.5)(32.1)
Net (loss) earnings$(5.0)$(32.8)$(84.0)$(10.3)$14.8 $110.4 $(6.9)
Assets$330.4 $9,303.3 $10,917.0 $288.1 $2,802.4 $(20,508.4)$3,132.8 
Goodwill53.4 3,435.7 3,203.0 33.1  (6,671.8)53.4 
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

The activities in our segments include the following:
Restaurant Group. This segment consists primarily of the operations of O'Charley's and 99 Restaurants in which we have 65.4% and 88.5% ownership interests, respectively. O'Charley's and 99 Restaurants and their affiliates are the owners and operators of the O'Charley's and Ninety Nine Restaurants restaurant concepts, respectively.
Dun & Bradstreet. This segment consists of our 15.6% ownership interest in Dun & Bradstreet. Dun & Bradstreet is a leading global provider of business decisioning data and analytics. Clients embed D&B's trusted, end-to-end solutions into their daily workflows to inform commercial credit decisions, evaluate whether suppliers and other third parties are financially viable, reputable, compliant and resilient, enhance salesforce productivity and gain visibility into key markets. Dun & Bradstreet's solutions support its clients’ mission critical business operations by providing proprietary and curated data and analytics to help drive informed decisions and improved outcomes. Dun & Bradstreet's global commercial database contained comprehensive information on hundreds of millions of organizations. Our chief operating decision maker reviews the full financial results of Dun & Bradstreet for purposes of assessing performance and allocating resources. Thus, we consider Dun & Bradstreet a reportable segment and have included the full results of Dun & Bradstreet in the tables above. We account for Dun & Bradstreet using the equity method of accounting; therefore, its results do not consolidate into ours. Accordingly, we have presented the elimination of Dun & Bradstreet's results in the Affiliate Elimination section of the segment presentation above.
Alight. This segment consists of our 9.5% ownership interest in Alight. Alight delivers human capital management solutions to many of the world’s largest and most complex companies. This includes the implementation and administration of both employee wellbeing (e.g., health, wealth and leaves benefits) and global payroll solutions. In addition, Alight implements and runs human capital management software platforms on behalf of third-party providers. Alight’s numerous solutions and services are utilized year-round by employees and their family members in support of their overall health, wealth and wellbeing goals. Participants can access their solutions digitally, including through a mobile application on Alight Worklife®, their intuitive, cloud-based employee engagement platform. Through Alight Worklife, Alight believes it is defining the future of employee wellbeing by providing an enterprise level, integrated offering designed to drive better outcomes for organizations and individuals. Our chief operating decision maker reviews the financial results of Alight for purposes of assessing performance and allocating resources. Thus, we consider Alight a reportable segment and have included the full results of Alight subsequent to our initial acquisition of an ownership interest in the tables above. We account for Alight using the equity method of accounting, and therefore, its results do not consolidate into ours. Accordingly, we have presented the elimination of Alight's results in the Affiliate Elimination section of the segment presentation above.
Black Knight Football and Entertainment. This segment consists of our 46.6% ownership interest in BKFE. BKFE is a partnership led by Bill Foley that owns and operates A.F.C. Bournemouth ("AFCB"), an English Premier League ("EPL" or the "Premier League") football club founded in 1899, a minority interest in FC Lorient ("FCL"), a French Ligue 1 football club founded in 1926, and a minority ownership interest in the Hibernian Football Club Limited, a Scottish Premiership football club founded in 1875. BKFE aims to grow into a leading, multi-club operator of football assets across the world. We account for our ownership of BKFE using the equity method of accounting; therefore, its results of operations do not consolidate into ours. Accordingly, we have presented the elimination of BKFE's results in the Affiliate Elimination section of the segment presentation above. We report our equity in earnings or loss of BKFE on a three-month lag and we acquired our initial interest in BKFE on December 13, 2022. Accordingly, our segment tables above for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, include our equity in BKFE’s loss and complete results of BKFE, respectively, for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and for the period from December 13, 2022 through December 31, 2022, respectively.
Corporate and Other. This nonreportable segment consists of our share in the operations of certain controlled portfolio companies and other equity interests, activity of the corporate holding company and certain intercompany eliminations and taxes.
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note F — Revenue Recognition
Disaggregation of Revenue
Our revenue consists of:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Revenue StreamSegmentTotal Revenue
Restaurant revenue:(in millions)
Restaurant salesRestaurant Group$106.5 $148.5 
Total restaurant revenue106.5 148.5 
Other operating revenue:
Real estate and resortCorporate and other4.1 5.7 
OtherCorporate and other0.1 0.1 
Total other operating revenue4.2 5.8 
Total operating revenues$110.7 $154.3 
Restaurant revenue consists of restaurant sales and to a lesser extent, franchise revenue and other revenue. Restaurant sales include food and beverage sales and gift card breakage, are net of applicable state and local sales taxes and discounts, and are recognized at a point in time as services are performed and goods are provided.
Other operating revenue consists of income generated by our resort operations, which includes sales of real estate, lodging rentals, food and beverage sales, and other income from various resort services offered. Revenue is recognized upon closing of the sale of real estate or once goods and services have been provided and billed to the customer.
Contract Balances
The following table provides information about trade receivables and deferred revenue:
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
Trade receivables, net$5.2 $7.6 
Deferred revenue (contract liabilities)15.3 16.9 
Deferred revenue is recorded primarily for restaurant gift card sales. The unrecognized portion of such revenue is recorded as Deferred revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Revenue of $1.5 million and $1.7 million was recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, that was included in Deferred revenue at the beginning of the period.
There was no impairment related to contract balances.
Note G — Notes Payable
Notes payable, net consists of the following:
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (In millions)
2020 Margin Facility$ $ 
FNF Revolver59.7 84.7 
Other19.6 20.3 
Notes payable, total$79.3 $105.0 
Less: Notes payable, current1.9 2.5 
Notes payable, long term$77.4 $102.5 
At March 31, 2024, the carrying value of our outstanding notes payable approximates fair value and are considered Level 2 financial liabilities.
2020 Margin Facility
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

On November 30, 2020, Cannae Funding C, LLC ("Borrower 1"), an indirect wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary of the Company, and Cannae Funding D, LLC ("Borrower 2"), an indirect wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Margin Loan Agreement (as amended from time to time, the "2020 Margin Facility") with the lenders from time to time party thereto and Royal Bank of Canada. On June 16, 2023, the 2020 Margin Facility was amended to, among other things, lower the immediate capacity from $250 million to $150 million. On August 17, 2023, the 2020 Margin Facility was amended to, among other things, (i) extend the maturity of the agreement to August 17, 2026, (ii) add 40 million shares of common stock of Alight to the pool of collateral, (iii) change the spread from 358 to 375 basis points and (iv) add Cannae Funding A, LLC ("Borrower 3" and together with Borrower 1 and Borrower 2, the "Borrowers"), an indirect wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary of the Company. On March 4, 2024, the 2020 Margin Facility was amended primarily to (i) assign the facility from Royal Bank of Canada to Bank of America, (ii) extend the maturity date to March 4, 2027 and (iii) change the spread from 375 to 310 basis points.
Under the 2020 Margin Facility, as amended, the Borrowers may borrow up to $150.0 million in revolving loans and, subject to certain terms and conditions, may enter into an amendment to the 2020 Margin Facility to borrow up to $500.0 million in revolving loans (including the initial revolving loans) from the same initial lender and/or additional lenders on substantially identical terms and conditions as the initial revolving loans. The 2020 Margin Facility matures on March 4, 2027. Outstanding amounts under the 2020 Margin Facility, if any, bear interest quarterly at a rate per annum equal to a three-month adjusted SOFR plus an applicable margin. The 2020 Margin Facility requires the Borrowers to maintain a certain loan-to-value ratio (based on the value of Dayforce, D&B and Alight shares). In the event the Borrowers fail to maintain such loan-to-value ratio, the Borrowers must post additional cash collateral under the Loan Agreement and/or elect to repay a portion of the revolving loans thereunder, or sell the Dayforce, D&B and/or Alight shares and use the proceeds from such sale to prepay a portion of the revolving loans thereunder.
As of March 31, 2024, there was no outstanding balance under the 2020 Margin Facility, $150.0 million of unused capacity with an option to increase the capacity to $500.0 million upon amendment, and 35 million shares of D&B and 40 million shares of Alight were pledged as collateral for borrowings.
FNF Revolver
On November 17, 2017, Fidelity National Financial, Inc. ("FNF") issued to Cannae a revolver note in aggregate principal amount of up to $100.0 million. On May 12, 2022, FNF and Cannae amended and restated the revolver note to, among other things, limit the use of proceeds for borrowings thereunder to the repurchase of our own shares of common stock from FNF (as amended and restated, the "FNF Revolver"). Pursuant to the FNF Revolver, FNF may make one or more loans to us with up to $100.0 million outstanding at any time. The FNF Revolver accrues interest at one-month adjusted SOFR plus 450 basis points and matures on November 17, 2025. The maturity date is automatically extended for additional five-year terms unless notice of non-renewal is otherwise provided by either FNF or Cannae, in their sole discretion.
On June 28, 2022, we completed the repurchase of all of our common stock previously held by FNF; accordingly, there is no incremental borrowing capacity available under the FNF Revolver.
On January 29, 2024, the FNF Revolver was amended to (i) reduce the borrowing capacity to $60.0 million and (ii) change the interest rate to a fixed rate of 7.0% per annum. The Company also repaid $25.0 million of outstanding principal under the FNF Revolver.
As of March 31, 2024, there was a $59.7 million outstanding principal amount which incurred interest at 7.0% and there is no available borrowing capacity under the FNF Revolver.
Gross principal maturities of notes payable at March 31, 2024 are as follows (in millions):
2024 (remaining)$2.3 
202560.8 
202611.9 
20270.5 
20282.4 
Thereafter1.8 
Total$79.7 
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note H — Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Contingencies
In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various pending and threatened litigation and regulatory matters related to our operations, some of which include claims for punitive or exemplary damages. Our ordinary course litigation includes purported class action lawsuits, which make allegations related to various aspects of our business. From time to time, we also receive requests for information from various state and federal regulatory authorities, some of which take the form of civil investigative demands or subpoenas. Some of these regulatory inquiries may result in the assessment of fines for violations of regulations or settlements with such authorities requiring a variety of remedies. We believe that no actions, other than those discussed below, if any, depart from customary litigation or regulatory inquiries incidental to our business.
Our Restaurant Group companies are a defendant from time to time in various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including claims relating to injury or wrongful death under "dram shop" laws that allow a person to sue us based on any injury caused by an intoxicated person who was wrongfully served alcoholic beverages at one of the restaurants; individual and purported class or collective action claims alleging violation of federal and state employment, franchise and other laws; and claims from guests or employees alleging illness, injury or other food quality, health or operational concerns. Our Restaurant Group companies are also subject to compliance with extensive government laws and regulations related to employment practices and policies and the manufacture, preparation, and sale of food and alcohol. We may also become subject to lawsuits and other proceedings, as well as card network fines and penalties, arising out of the actual or alleged theft of our customers' credit or debit card information.
We review lawsuits and other legal and regulatory matters (collectively "legal proceedings") on an ongoing basis when making accrual and disclosure decisions. When assessing reasonably possible and probable outcomes, management bases its decision on its assessment of the ultimate outcome assuming all appeals have been exhausted. For legal proceedings in which it has been determined that a loss is both probable and reasonably estimable, a liability based on known facts that represents our best estimate is record. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, our accrual for settlements of legal proceedings was not considered material. Actual losses may materially differ from the amounts recorded and the ultimate outcome of our pending legal proceedings is generally not yet determinable. While some of these matters could be material to our operating results or cash flows for any particular period in the event of an unfavorable outcome, at present, we do not believe that the ultimate resolution of currently pending legal proceedings, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Unconditional Purchase Obligations
We have certain unconditional purchase obligations, primarily in our Restaurant Group segment. These purchase obligations are with various vendors and are primarily related to food and beverage obligations with fixed commitments in regards to the time period of the contract and the quantities purchased with annual price adjustments that can fluctuate. We used both historical and projected volume and pricing as of March 31, 2024 to determine the amount of the obligations. Purchase obligations as of March 31, 2024 are as follows (in millions):
2024 (remaining)$41.2 
20259.3 
20266.1 
20272.9 
20280.9 
Thereafter 
Total purchase commitments$60.4 
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CANNAE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) — continued

Note I — Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The following supplemental cash flow information is provided with respect to certain cash payments, as well as certain non-cash investing and financing activities.
Three months ended March 31,
 20242023
 (In millions)
Cash paid during the period: 
Interest$2.2 $3.6 
Income taxes0.5 0.8 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Investment in JANA paid through reissuance of common stock from treasury44.0  
Difference between the historical cost of treasury stock and fair value upon reissuance for investment in JANA(6.8) 
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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this "Quarterly Report") that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), including statements regarding our expectations, hopes, intentions or strategies regarding the future. All forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. It is important to note that our actual results could vary materially from those forward-looking statements contained herein due to many factors, including, but not limited to: changes in general economic, business and political conditions, including changes in the financial markets and changes in macroeconomic conditions resulting from the outbreak of a pandemic or escalation of the current conflicts in Ukraine and the Middle East; risks associated with the Investment Company Act of 1940; our potential inability to find suitable acquisition candidates, acquisitions in lines of business that will not necessarily be limited to our traditional areas of focus, or difficulties in integrating acquisitions; significant competition that our operating subsidiaries face; risks related to the externalization of certain of our management functions to our Manager; and other risks detailed in the "Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information," "Risk Factors" and other sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (our "Annual Report") and other filings with the Securities Exchange Commission ("SEC").
Unless the context indicates otherwise, as used herein, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Cannae,” or the “Company” refer collectively to Cannae Holdings, Inc., and its subsidiaries.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report.
Overview
For an additional description of our business, including descriptions of segments and recent business developments, see the discussion in Note A - Basis of Financial Statements and Note E - Segment Information to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report, which is incorporated by reference into this Part I, Item 2.
Business Trends and Conditions
Dun & Bradstreet. D&B helps its clients solve these mission critical business problems. D&B believes the total addressable market ("TAM") in which it operates is large, growing and significantly under penetrated. D&B participates in the big data and analytics software market, as defined by Interactive Data Corporation, which represents a collection of software markets that functionally address decision support and decision automation. This market includes business intelligence and analytics tools, analytic data management and integration platforms and analytics and performance management applications. Within the broader market of data and analytics solutions, D&B serves a number of different markets, including the commercial credit data, sales and marketing data and Governance, Risk and Compliance markets to provide clients with decisioning support and automation. As D&B continues to drive innovation in its solutions, it expects to address a greater portion of this TAM as new use cases for its data assets and analytical capabilities are introduced.
D&B believes there are several key trends in the global macroeconomic environment generating additional growth in D&B's TAM and increasing the demand for its solutions, including growing recognition by business of the value of analytics and data-informed business decisioning, growth in data creation and applications driven by the proliferation of new technologies with new data sets and applications, advances in analytical capabilities that are unlocking the value of data, and heightened compliance requirements in the regulatory environment for business driven by the growth of new technologies.
Alight. Alight aims to be the pre-eminent employee experience partner by providing personalized experiences that help employees make the best decisions for themselves and their families about their health, wealth and wellbeing. At the same time, Alight helps employers tackle their biggest people and business challenges by helping them understand prevalence, trends and risks to generate better outcomes for the future and realize a return on their people investment. Alight's data, analytics and Artificial Intelligence ("AI") allow it to deliver actionable insights that drive measurable outcomes for companies and their people. Alight provides solutions to manage health and retirement benefits, tools for payroll and HR management, as well as solutions to manage the workforce from the cloud. Through directorships and other engagement, the Company works closely with the leadership of Alight, including with respect to Alight’s financial and operating performance, to help value for Company shareholders.
Restaurant Group. The restaurant industry is characterized by high capital investments for new restaurants and relatively high fixed or semi-variable restaurant operating expenses. Because of the high fixed and semi-variable expenses, changes in sales in existing restaurants are generally expected to significantly affect restaurant profitability because many restaurant costs and expenses are not expected to change at the same rate as sales. The most significant commodities that may affect our cost of
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food and beverage are beef, seafood, poultry, and dairy, which accounted for approximately half of our overall cost of food and beverage in the past. Generally, temporary increases in these costs are not passed on to guests; however, in the past, we have adjusted menu prices to compensate for increased costs of a more permanent nature.
Recent years were a period of high inflation relative to long-term inflation expectations in the U.S. This inflationary environment primarily impacted the commodity and labor costs of our Restaurant Group. We have adjusted menu pricing to account for these cost increases to an extent, but will continue to balance the impact of inflationary pressures on costs with the value proposition offered to customers with a focus on long-term profitability.
Average weekly sales per restaurant are typically higher in the first and fourth quarters than in other quarters, and we typically generate a disproportionate share of our earnings from operations in the first and fourth quarters. Holidays, severe weather and other disruptive conditions may impact sales volumes seasonally in some operating regions.
In 2023, the Restaurant Group undertook a project to renegotiate or terminate leases and close O'Charley's stores with unfavorable store-level cash flow profiles. Through this process it closed 77 O'Charley's stores in the year ended December 31, 2023. We expect the process to generally reduce the revenue and improve the operating profitability of our Restaurant Group, however we cannot be certain of the precise long-term financial impact as of the date of this Quarterly Report.
See further discussion of the historical results of operations of our Restaurant Group and of stores closed and the impact of impairments to lease assets and property equipment in Results of Operations - Restaurant Group below.
Our revenues and operating income in future periods will continue to be subject to these and other factors that are beyond our control and, as a result, are likely to fluctuate.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates disclosed in Item 7 of our Annual Report are hereby incorporated by reference. Other than as described below, there have been no changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates.
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates - impairment monitoring. On an ongoing basis, management monitors the Company's investments in unconsolidated affiliates to determine whether there are indications that the fair value of an investment may be other-than-temporarily below our recorded book value of the investment. Factors considered when determining whether a decline in the fair value of an investment is other-than-temporary include, but are not limited to: the length of time and the extent to which the market value has been less than book value, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the investee, and the intent and ability of the Company to retain its investment in the investee for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.
As of March 31, 2024, the fair value of our ownership interest in Dun & Bradstreet based on quoted market prices was $693.2 million and the book value of our recorded asset for D&B was $704.9 million. While the fair value of our investment in Dun & Bradstreet is below our book value, there are no other indicators that our investment is other than temporarily impaired. D&B has consistently grown its revenue and cash flow since when we initially invested in Dun & Bradstreet. Due to these factors, we consider the decline in value to be temporary as of March 31, 2024. Though we do not currently believe our investment in D&B is other than temporarily impaired, because the fair value is currently below the book value of our investment in Dun & Bradstreet, further declines in fair value of the investment, deterioration in D&B's actual or forecasted results of operations or adverse changes in the U.S. macroeconomic environment could result in an impairment charge in future periods to record our asset at fair value.
As of March 31, 2024, the fair value of our ownership interest in Alight based on quoted market prices was $516.9 million and the book value of our recorded asset for Alight was $488.3 million. The fair value of our investment in Alight is above our book value and there are no other indicators of impairment. Alight has consistently outperformed market expectations and our expectations for its results of operations from when we initially invested in Alight. Though our investment in Alight is not currently impaired, further declines in fair value of the investment, deterioration in Alight's actual or forecasted results of operations or adverse changes in the U.S. macroeconomic environment could result in an impairment charge in future periods to record our asset at fair value.
As of March 31, 2024, the book value of our investment in Sightline accounted for under the equity method of accounting was $154.9 million. Based on a valuation using a hybrid discounted cash flow and market comparison approach, the aggregate fair market value of our ownership of Sightline equity was approximately $162.3 million as of September 30, 2023. The fair value measurement is considered a level 3 fair value measure. The primary inputs in the valuation were the forecasted results of operations of Sightline and the discount rate used in the discounted cash flow analysis. The primary significant unobservable input used was the 29% discount rate used in the discounted cash flow analysis. Though we do not believe our investment in Sightline is currently impaired, further declines in fair value of the investment, deterioration in Sightline's actual or forecasted
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results of operations or adverse changes in the U.S. macroeconomic environment could result in an impairment charge in future periods to record our asset at fair value.
Accounting for Income Taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of our assets and liabilities and expected benefits of utilizing net operating loss and credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The impact of changes in tax rates and laws on deferred taxes, if any, is applied to the years during which temporary differences are expected to be settled and reflected in the financial statements in the period enacted.
As of March 31, 2024, we had a net deferred tax asset of $29.0 million, which is primarily attributable to temporary differences for our investments in unconsolidated affiliates held through partnerships. In the quarter ended March 31, 2024, we recorded a valuation allowance of $59.9 million on the Company's federal net operating loss ("NOL") carryforwards and certain deferred taxes related to our consolidated partnerships. In the first quarter of 2024 it was determined that the net taxable capital gain from our sales of shares of Dayforce and D&B would likely be offset by other sources of current year taxable loss. Accordingly, we determined it was uncertain whether we would be able to use the Company's available federal NOL carryforwards and certain other deferred taxes. One of the factors used in assessing the need for a valuation allowance on net deferred tax assets is whether a company is in a three-year cumulative book loss position and for the three years ended December 31, 2023, the Company is in a cumulative book loss position. The Company is relying on deferred tax liabilities, and the ability to carry back capital losses, as sources of income to facilitate the recovery of its remaining deferred tax assets. The Company’s prospective investment strategy, fluctuations in the fair market value of its ownership interests prior to any dispositions and other factors may influence the timing of reversals of deferred tax assets and liabilities and their ultimate impact on taxable income or loss, which could have an effect on the recoverability of deferred tax assets. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has a valuation allowance of $59.9 million representing a full allowance on its federal NOL carry forwards and certain other federal deferred taxes and of $4.7 million related to state NOLs as it is more likely than not that the tax benefit of certain state NOLs will not be realized before the NOLs expire. At this time, we consider it more likely than not that we will have sufficient taxable income and available excess capital gain from prior year periods that will allow us to realize our other deferred tax assets. The Company will continue to monitor the recoverability of deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis and may need to record an additional valuation allowance on its net deferred tax asset in future periods.
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Results of Operations
Consolidated Results of Operations
Net Earnings. The following table presents certain financial data for the periods indicated:
 Three months ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Revenues:  
Restaurant revenue$106.5 $148.5 
Other operating revenue4.2 5.8 
Total operating revenues110.7 154.3 
Operating expenses:
Cost of restaurant revenue94.2 131.6 
Personnel costs23.2 15.6 
Depreciation and amortization3.3 5.1 
Other operating expenses30.6 24.7 
Total operating expenses151.3 177.0 
Operating loss(40.6)(22.7)
Other income (expense):
Interest, investment and other income2.1 2.8 
Interest expense(2.6)(4.4)
Recognized (losses) gains, net(8.6)52.1 
Total other (expense) income, net (9.1)50.5 
(Loss) earnings before income taxes and equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates(49.7)27.8 
Income tax expense53.4 2.6 
(Loss) earnings before equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates(103.1)25.2 
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates11.3 (32.1)
Net loss(91.8)(6.9)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests(1.9)(2.8)
Net loss attributable to Cannae Holdings, Inc. common shareholders$(89.9)$(4.1)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 
The following is a discussion of the material fluctuations in our consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2023. The material changes in revenues, expenses and pre-tax loss from the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are discussed in further detail at the segment level below.
Revenues
Total revenues decreased $43.6 million, or 28.3%, in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the corresponding period in 2023.
Expenses
Our operating expenses consist primarily of personnel costs, cost of restaurant revenue, other operating expenses, and depreciation and amortization. 
Cost of restaurant revenue includes cost of food and beverage, primarily the costs of beef, groceries, produce, seafood, poultry and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, net of vendor discounts and rebates, payroll and related costs and expenses directly relating to restaurant level activities, and restaurant operating costs including occupancy and other operating expenses at the restaurant level.
Personnel costs include base salaries, commissions, benefits, stock-based compensation and bonuses paid to employees, and are one of our most significant operating expenses. Personnel costs that are directly attributable to the restaurant-level operations of the Restaurant Group are included in Cost of restaurant revenue. 
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Other operating expenses include management fees, carried interest fees, professional fees, advertising costs, travel expenses and impairments of operating assets.
Depreciation and amortization expense consists of our depreciation related to investments in property and equipment as well as amortization of intangible assets.
Pre-Tax Loss
(Loss) earnings before income taxes and equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates decreased $77.5 million, or 278.8%, in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the corresponding period in 2023.
Income Taxes
Income tax expense was $53.4 million and $2.6 million in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Our effective tax rate was (107.4)% and 9.4% in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Our effective tax rate fluctuates depending on our estimate of ultimate income tax liability and changes in the characteristics of net earnings, such as the weighting of operating income versus other income or earnings and losses of unconsolidated affiliates. The change in our effective tax rate in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the corresponding period in 2023 is primarily attributable to recording of a valuation allowance in the current period of $59.9 million on our federal net operating loss carryforwards and certain deferred taxes within our consolidated partnerships.
Equity in Earnings (Losses) of Unconsolidated Affiliates
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(in millions)
Dun & Bradstreet $(6.3)(8.3)
Alight(11.3)(7.1)
Sightline(3.5)(4.1)
BKFE(7.4)(1.3)
CSI40.9 (2.1)
Other(1.1)(9.2)
Total$11.3 $(32.1)
The increase in equity in earnings of CSI was primarily driven by the sale of a portion of CSI to a third party by BGPT Catalyst, LP, the entity through which we own our interest in CSI.

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Restaurant Group
The following table presents the results from operations of our Restaurant Group segment:
Three months ended March 31,
 20242023
 (In millions)
Revenue 
Restaurant revenue$106.5 $148.5 
Total operating revenues106.5 148.5 
Operating expenses:
Cost of restaurant revenue94.2 131.6 
Personnel costs6.0 6.7 
Depreciation and amortization2.7 4.6 
Other operating expenses6.7 8.9 
Total operating expenses109.6 151.8 
Operating loss(3.1)(3.3)
Other income (expense):
Interest expense(1.3)(1.3)
Recognized gains (losses), net0.3 0.1 
Total other expense(1.0)(1.2)
Loss before income taxes and equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates$(4.1)$(4.5)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Total revenues for the Restaurant Group segment decreased $42.0 million, or 28.3%, in the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the corresponding period in 2023. The change was attributable to approximately $34.9 million of incremental revenue included in the three months ended March 31, 2023 associated with stores that were closed prior to 2024. In addition, there was a decline in comparable store sales.
Comparable Store Sales. One method we use in evaluating the performance of our restaurants is to compare sales results for restaurants period over period. A new restaurant is included in our comparable store sales figures starting in the first period following the restaurant's first seventy-eight weeks of operations. Changes in comparable store sales reflect changes in sales for the comparable store group of restaurants over a specified period of time. This measure highlights the performance of existing restaurants, as the impact of new restaurant openings is excluded. Comparable store sales for our O'Charley's and 99 Restaurants brands decreased by 6.5% and 2.8%, respectively, in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the comparable period in 2023. The decrease is primarily attributable to a decrease in guest counts, partially offset by an increase in the average amount spent by customers each visit.
Cost of restaurant revenue decreased directionally consistent with Restaurant revenues. Cost of restaurant revenue as a percentage of restaurant revenue was 88.5% and 88.6% in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

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Dun & Bradstreet
As of March 31, 2024, we own approxi